Dynamic Compensation Theory of MCR Type Static VAR Compensator
Dynamic Compensation Theory of MCR Type Static VAR Compensator

Dynamic Compensation Theory of Static VAR Compensator of MCR type

Comparison between MCR and TCR

From the above diagram, we can see the main difference is the part outlined by the blue box.

The SCR of static VAR compensator with MCR is coupled with reactor through iron core; it just needs to withstand lower voltage of 380V, so it has a very high stability. By contrast, the SCR of static VAR compensator with TCR is connected in series to high voltage main circuit; it needs to withstand high voltage and large current, so it is easy to damage.

Items SVC of MCR SVC of TCR
Response time of SCR <10ms <10ms
Response time of entire SVC 100~300ms 40~200ms
Harmonic contents 5th<2.6%, 7th<1.5%, 11th<0.6%, 13th<0.3% 5th<5.0%, 7th<2%, 11th<1.0%, 13th<0.7%
Voltage withstanding of SCR Small, no need to be connected in series Large, need to be connected in series
Heat generated by SCR Small, no need of water cooling device Large, need water cooling device or heat pipe cooling
Installation site of SCR Outdoor cabinet Indoor
Independent adjustment Yes Yes
Maintenance Free of maintenance Complicated maintenance
Reliability Excellent
MTBF time: 25 years
Not very good
SCR is easy to burn
Over-load capacity 1.5 times No
Electromagnetic Pollution No The main reactor produces strong alternating magnetic fields which is harmful to health
Noise 70-72dB <62dB
Active power loss 0.5%~0.8% 0.5%~0.8%
Floor space Small Large

Dynamic Compensation Theory of Static VAR Compensator of MCR type

In the left diagram on above primary circuit diagram:
QF: Impact reactive power of load
QC: Capacitive reactive power supplied by fixed capacitor bank on bus bar---Constant
QL: Inductive reactive power supplied by magnetically controlled reactor---Dynamic adjustment

The most important is to control the pass angle of the thyristors precisely to obtain the needed current in order to provide the needed reactive power of QL.

Therefore, the system must try to satisfy the equity:
QS=QF+ (QL-QC) =0,
so that the power factor is a constant and there is no fluctuation of the voltage. Here, QS is the generated reactive power on bus bar.

Why Choose Static VAR Compensator of MCR Type

1. High Reliability
The SCR is installed in the low voltage circuit rather than the main circuit, so, the voltage the SCR needs to withstand is just 1% of that when it is in the main circuit.

2. Low Harmonic Content
THD of system of three-phase delta connection is less than 5%, which complies with related national criterion. If the multiplex connection method is adopted, the THD can be reduced to 1.2% or lower.

3. Small Volume
The size of MCR is about 2/5 of that of TCR.

4. Fast Response
The response time of the MCR type static VAR compensator is 100 to 300 ms, which fully meets the requirements of power equipment on dynamic reactive power compensation.

5. Direct Connection
The MCR-typed SVC can be directly connected to the high voltage power gird, which greatly reduces costs and floor space.

6. No Cooling Equipment Required
Unlike TCR-typed SVC, the MCR-typed SVC needs no cooling equipment, so both site area and failure rate are reduced.

      Zhuhai Wanlida Electrical Automation Co., Ltd.

      Add.: Relay Protection Industrial Park, No. 1 Technology Road, Science and Technology Innovation Coast, High-tech Zone, Zhuhai City, Guangdong Province, China
      Post Code: 519085
      Tel.: +86-756-3395623
      Fax: +86-756-3395623
      Contact Person: Mr Daniel Wu (Manager)