VFD Working Principle
VFD Working Principle

Working Principle of Variable Frequency Drives

Our medium voltage variable frequency drive (VFD) adopts the multi-level cascaded power unit technology to obtain medium voltage directly by means of overlap wave. The low voltage power unit is actually an improved motor variable frequency drive, which takes full advantage of mature technology. Our VFD adopts a voltage source inverter. Users can apply medium voltage (3/3.3/4.16/6/6.6/10/11KV) directly to the input terminal of the VFD, and then the VFD outputs medium voltage (3/3.3/4.16/6/6.6/10/11KV) correspondingly, needing no output step-up transformer.

Voltage level (kV) Cell quantity for each phase Output phase voltage (V) Output line voltage (kV) Pulses Number of voltage level for each phase
3/3.3 3 1732 3 18 7
4.16 4 2401 4.16 24 9
6 5 3450 6 30 11
6.6 6 3810 6.6 36 13
10 8 5770 10 48 17
11 9 6351 11 54 19

For different voltage output, the quantity of power units is different, but the working theory is exactly the same. All power units receive instructions from the same central process controller. There is a phase difference between the secondary windings of the transformer providing energy to power units. In this way, most of the harmonic current produced by the independent power unit will be eliminated, so the primary winding current is approximately sine wave. Few harmonic current will flow into the power grid. Even under the rated load, the harmonic current content is as low as 3%.

The power unit of our variable frequency drive is AC-DC-AC in structure, equivalent to a low-voltage power inverter of 3-phase input and single-phase output. The rectifier side is diode three-phase full-bridge circuit. Single-phase AC can be output by the IGBT inverter bridge controlled through sine PWM mode. All power units are exactly the same in structure and in electrical performance, so maintenance and replacement are very easy.

Power Cell Structure

      Zhuhai Wanlida Electrical Automation Co., Ltd.

      Add.: Relay Protection Industrial Park, No. 1 Technology Road, Science and Technology Innovation Coast, High-tech Zone, Zhuhai City, Guangdong Province, China
      Post Code: 519085
      Tel.: +86-756-3395623
      Fax: +86-756-3395623
      Contact Person: Mr Daniel Wu (Manager)